An Analysis of the Split of the 3rd Mesa Pueblo, Oraibi

An Analysis of the Split of the 3rd Mesa Pueblo, Oraibi

Evaluations for the Oraibi Split

The split of the Third Mesa pueblo, Oraibi, occurred on September 7, 1906. The split immediately altered the lives of approximately 800 inhabitants of Oraibi who represented almost 50 percent of the Hopi inhabitants. Those who left Oraibi were forced to start out their lives over in a fresh location. From a long-term point of view, the split is normally consequential since it led to the establishment of various other villages (e.g., Bacavi, Hotevilla, and Kykotsmovi) of Third Mesa that didn't exist prior to the division (Waters 1977: 113). This eventually resulted in several versions of Hopi background and the Oraibi split from each village. Anthropologists have offered many unique explanations of the Oraibi fissioning. These different proposals have triggered the interpretation and knowledge of the division of Oraibi to become very complex. This essay evaluates explanations of four distinct anthropologists: Mischa Titiev, Richard Bradfield, Richard Clemmer, and Peter Whiteley.

Titiev supplies the first description to consider. Taking most of Titievs arguments together, he shows that internal social composition pressures and instabilities resulted in the disintegration of the Oraibi pueblo (Titiev 1992: 48). Titievs evaluation of Oraibi disintegration is founded on his view of Hopi cultural structure and sociable integration. For Titiev, three features of the original social composition of Hopi villages, including Oraibi, were important.

The first feature was the business of Hopi matrilineal descent organizations into households, lineages, clans, and phratries (Titiev 1992:51). In Titievs perspective, Hopi clans were fundamentally autonomous and corporate, owning area, rituals, and kivas. The next feature was the organization of spiritual societies and kiva groupings. The chief priests

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